Once the centre of the Inca Empire, Peru has a multitude of well preserved temples, fortresses and citadels. There is also much evidence of the colonial past of the country, making it a fascinating destination for anyone with an interest in history.
No trip to Peru would be complete without a visit to Machu Picchu, the ancient citadel of the Incas. However there are many other fabulous sights, both man made and natural, including the Nazca lines, the Colca Canyon, Lake Titicaca, the parrot salt lick, and the flight of the Condor.
Peru is a country of contrasts and has within its borders both rainforest and desert. The Andes run the length of the country and the Amazon river flows across its width.
Peru is the third largest country in South America and has three distinct regions, the coast, the sierra (mountains) and the jungle. There are also 200 miles of Pacific coastline. The country offers an opportunity for visitors to experience a wide range of spectacular scenery and a wealth of human culture and history.
For the inhabitants of Lima, the summer lasts from December to April and during the other months of the year the capital is covered by a low layer of rain clouds. In the Sierra winter lasts from November to April which is the rainy season, whilst from May to October the sky is clear and the panoramas are splendid. The Peruvian Amazon has a climate which is constantly hot and humid, although the rainfall is more intense and frequent from January to April. In some desert coastal areas there is just one hot and dry season. The best period to visit Peru, therefore, varies depending on the places that one wants to visit. Generally, the months of May to September are advisable for people who want to travel throughout the country.
Peru touches the equator in the north; the Andes march down its length and the great Amazon River flows across its width. The country covers an enormous area of 1,285,216 sq. km, which is the equivalent of Italy, France, Germany and Austria together. It has 80% of the world’s plant and animal varieties, and is the only country in South America, which includes the extremes of deserts, mountains and rain forests within its borders. It is the centre of some of the most fascinating and mysterious of the pre-Columbian civilisations. Amongst these are the Chavin, the Mochica, the Chimъ and the Incas.
The country boasts many natural wonders: 300 peaks over 6000 metres high, the highest navigable lake in the world, the highest railway lines in the world, the Amazon river, the Colca Canyon considered the deepest in the world and the biological richest natural reserves in the world. Peruvian people are very friendly and warm, this is helped in part by ‘Pisco Sour’ (the traditional drink) and a good ‘ceviche’ (marinated fish). You will soon be made to feel at home.